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Wetland Types

Wetlands come in many "flavors" and each type has a unique set of characteristics. In this section, we have compiled the types of wetlands, based on their salinity and tidal characteristics, that can be found in Delaware.

The seasonal freshwater wetlands in this section share several features. They are largely freshwater (lack tidal inputs), usually fed by seasonal rains or high groundwater levels, and appear wet at the surface for only part of the year (typically winter through early spring). They also feature some of our most vital habitats for biodiversity in the state (including many species found nowhere else), and are also the ones most vulnerable to loss through human impacts.

Bald Cypress Swamp

Bald Cypress Swamps 

Bald cypress swamps in Delaware are the northernmost examples in the United States, and thus comprise a unique ecosystem to this region. Easily distinguished by the presence of the evergreen, knobby-kneed cypress trees, these swamps can be found within forested floodplains of some southern Delaware rivers and creeks, including the James Branch near Trap Pond, Trussum Pond, the Great Swamp, and a small stand near Killens Pond.

In addition to supporting unique plant and animal communities and providing wetland benefits to the watershed, Delaware’s bald cypress swamps are among the most scenic and serene places to explore by canoe or kayak, with Trap Pond State Park being a prime point of entry.


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Page 1: Wet Flatwood Swamp Forests

Page 2: Floodplain Hardwood Swamps

Page 3: Wet Meadows

Page 4: Coastal Plain Ponds

Page 5: Atlantic White Cedar Swamps

Page 6: Bald Cypress Swamps

Page 7: Other Seasonal Freshwater Wetlands 

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