Habitat for Waterfowl and Other Wildlife
Both coastal and inland freshwater wetlands are unique places existing between land and water. These special places serve as habitat for many rare plant and animal species. They also serve as nesting, feeding, and nursery grounds for fish, birds, insects, reptiles, amphibians, and mammals.
Wetlands contribute to groundwater and surface water supplies, both of which serve as drinking water sources in Delaware. Wetlands help store and purify surface waters before they are collected downstream. In times of drought, wetlands play a key role in storing and holding water. Without wetlands rainwater would run off straight into streams and ditches to eventually enter rivers, bays, and the ocean. With wetlands, rainwater can be absorbed and held then slowly released downstream and into the groundwater. During droughts this contribution is essential to municipal water supplies and agricultural irrigation sources.
Education and Research
The biology and ecology of wetlands are incredible sources of educational topics and materials. The opportunities to share nature with children are invaluable. Increasingly, schools are restoring wetlands on their property to use as outdoor classrooms, providing a hands-on environment for learning science, math, language, and art. Some Delaware schools have become involved in creating, restoring, or utilizing wetlands in their schoolyards. Visit our Education page or our Research page to learn more!
Recreation and Asthetics
Great numbers of sport and recreational fish species are dependent on wetlands for feeding and spawning. Several popular waterfowl species are also deeply connected to wetlands for feeding, resting, and reproduction. A U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service survey in 2006 reported that in Delaware, wildlife-associated recreation spending reached almost $300 million. Fishing accounted for $97 million, hunting for $41 million, and wildlife watching for $131 million. These hobbies are greatly dependent on wetland resources and drive an industry to supply the equipment and guide needs of those that enjoy wildlife-related recreation. To learn more about recreation in wetlands please visit our Enjoy Wetlands Page!
Currently, research is underway to estimate the economic value of wetlands in Delaware. Given recent global trends in assessing wetlands from a monetary standpoint, the need for these studies in Delaware is evident. In June of 2011, DNREC's Wetland Monitoring and Assessment Program contracted one such economic valuation study. To read the full study, click here.