The Delmarva fox squirrel (Sciurus niger cinereus) is a subspecies of fox squirrel found only on the Delmarva Peninsula. The Delmarva fox squirrel's distribution was down to less than 10 percent of its historic range in the 1960's, which led to its being among the first species listed under the Federal Endangered Species Act. The species has since rebounded, and in 2013 the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS) announced that data collected for their 5-year status review indicated that the species was stable enough to be recommended for delisting. The USFWS is in the process of preparing their formal documents regarding the recommendations for public comment.
Despite their regional rebound, the Delmarva fox squirrel is still rare in Delaware, with only two confirmed locations in Sussex County. In an effort to put the Delaware population back on its feet, the Division of Fish & Wildlife has drafted a conservation plan for the species.
Delmarva Fox Squirrel Conservation Plan
Delmarva Fox Squirrel Conservation Plan FAQ